Local officials have blamed the incident on Muslim clerics. [86] In March 2017, the Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain signed the Hindu Marriage Bill and thereby making it a law. This happened for a variety of reasons even as these religions have continued to flourish beyond the eastern frontiers of Pakistan. [61] The Drigh Road and Korangi also have a small Tamil Hindu population[62]. [114] According to the Amarnath Motumal, the vice chairperson of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, every month, an estimated 20 or more Hindu girls are abducted and converted, although exact figures are impossible to gather. In general, religious conversion was a gradual process, some converted to Islam to gain tax relief, land grant, marriage partners, social and economic advancement,[119] or freedom from slavery and some by force. The region became predominantly Muslim during the rule of Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. The majority of Pakistan's Hindu population is settled in Sindh province where they share culture, traditions and language with Muslim residents. [65] They reside in the Chitral District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. [23] Although small in numbers, Hindus in Pakistan are not less complex than in other parts of the world. According to the 1951 census, Pakistan (both West and East Pakistan or now Bangladesh) had a population of 75 million, of which 12.9 percent were Hindus. [127] Another example is the conversion of 250 Hindus to Islam in Chohar Jamali area in Thatta. Seats were reserved for minorities in the national and provincial assemblies. [97] Following this, the 1,000-Year-Old Shivala Teja Singh temple in Sialkot (which was closed for 72 years)[98] and a 100-year-old Hindu temple in Balochistan was reopened. Some ancient Hindu temples in Pakistan draw devotees from across faiths including Muslims. A Hindu temple was destroyed in Karak district of Kohat division in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province by a mob led by local clerics on Wednesday, Daily Times (Pakistan) reported. Get a daily email with all the news updates on them. [63][64] They are considered as a separate ethnic religion people by the government of Pakistan. At independence in 1947, Hindus composed 20.5 percent of the population of the areas that now form Pakistan. [113][114][115] According to the National Commission of Justice and Peace and the Pakistan Hindu Council (PHC) around 1000 non-Muslim minority women are converted to Islam and then forcibly married off. [111] In one case, a landlord abducted a hindu daughter from a farm worker and falsely claimed the teen was compensation for a 1,000$ debt that the family owed him. Pakistan government has granted permission for the construction of a Hindu temple in Islamabad, nearly six months after the work at the site was … The shrine holds critical importance as in 2015, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ordered the KP government to restore and rebuild the shrine, while hearing a petition by Ramesh Vankwani, member national assembly and patron of Pakistan Hindu Council (PHC). To cancel, communicate from your registered email id and send the mail with the request to, Access Exclusive content - articles, features & opinion pieces, Weekly Industry/Genre specific newsletters - Choose multiple industries/genres, Access to 17 plus years of content archives, Set Stock price alerts for your portfolio and watch list and get them delivered to your e-mail box, End of day news alerts on 5 companies (via email). [12][1] and about 7.5% in the Sindh province. "Primers Of Hate – History or biology, Pakistani students get anti-India lessons in all their textbooks; 'Hindu, Enemy Of Islam' – These are extracts from government-sponsored textbooks approved by the National Curriculum Wing of the Federal Ministry of Education", "Non-Muslim students reluctant to study Islamic studies or ethics", "Ethics as an alternative subject to Islamiat in KP", "7 Non-Muslim cricketers who played for Pakistan", "Snooker: Perwani defeats Anwar to win Cup", "56 candidates vie for 15 Hindu Council seats", "In a first, Pakistan appoints Hindu woman as civil judge", "Pushpa has become the first Pakistani Hindu girl to serve as police officer in Sindh", "Women activists stress need for transformative feminist leadership", Hindus demand reconstruction of all temples damaged in 1992, Assessment for Hindus in Pakistan by University of Maryland, Hindu majority district Thar Pakar in Pakistan, Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Decline of Buddhism in the Indian subcontinent, Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Persecution of Muslims during Ottoman contraction, Persecution of Christians in the Eastern Bloc, Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, Attacks by Islamic extremists in Bangladesh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hinduism_in_Pakistan&oldid=1001205147, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Purifying the Land of the Pure: Pakistan's Religious Minorities" by Farahnaz Ispahani, Publisher: Harper Collins India, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 18:20. [31][32] However, Khawaja Nazimuddin, the 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan stated: "I do not agree that religion is a private affair of the individual nor do I agree that in an Islamic state every citizen has identical rights, no matter what his caste, creed or faith be".[33]. [16] In 2014 alone, 265 legal cases of forced conversion were reported mostly involving Hindu girls. Hindus comprise approximately 1.92% of Pakistan's population. [124], Those Pakistani Hindus who have migrated to India allege that Hindu girls are sexually harassed in Pakistani schools and their religious practices are mocked. Many Pakistani city names (such as Peshawar and Multan) have Sanskrit roots. Before 1998, the census was last been held in 1981. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance. [73] However, in Khuzdar District and Kalat District, Hindus face discrimination. According to the Future of World Religion report, some countries will witness doubling of the number of Hindus by 2050 – mostly because of massive migration and increase in fertility rate. Most Valmiki Hindus converted to either Christianity or Islam after the partition. [24][25] The annual Hinglaj Yatra is the largest Hindu pilgrimage in Pakistan. Since partition, the four tribes have lived in harmony with all religious communities including Muslims. However, according to the community, over 90 lakh Hindus are living in the country. Mobs attacked scores of Hindu temples across Pakistan. The separate electorate system had marginalized non-Muslims by depriving them of adequate representation in the assemblies. [118], There are also Irish Christian missionaries and Ahmadiyya missionaries operating in the Thar region. Note: Subscription will be auto renewed, you may cancel any time in the future without any questions asked. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. Religious institutions and persons like Abdul Haq (Mitthu Mian) politician and caretaker of Bharachundi Sharif Dargah in Ghotki district and Pir Ayub Jan Sirhindi, the caretaker of Dargah pir sarhandi in Umerkot District support forced conversions and are known to have support and protection of ruling political parties of Sindh. Unlimited access to all content on any device through browser or app. [6][7][8] However, before partition, according to the 1941 census, Hindus constituted 14% of the population in West Pakistan and 28% of the population in East Pakistan. [58], In 2018, Pakistan general election Mahesh Kumar Malani became the first Hindu candidate who won a general seat in Pakistan National Assembly 2018. The incident reportedly took place in Teri village of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This product is a monthly auto renewal product. [56], In 2006, Ratna Bhagwandas Chawla became the first Hindu woman elected to the Senate of Pakistan. A policeman inspecting a damaged Hindu temple in a remote village in north-west Pakistan yesterday, after it was attacked and set ablaze on Wednesday. Digital Editor. [66], The Valmiki or Balmikis are Hindu worshippers of Valmiki, the author of The Ramayana. Business Standard is happy to inform you of the launch of "Business Standard Premium Services". Exclusive content, features, opinions and comment – hand-picked by our editors, just for you. The case brought to fore another example of deplorable conditions of minorities in the state of Pakistan. Members of Pakistan’s Hindu Council hold placards during a protest against an attack on a Hindu temple by a mob in the Karak district in Karachi, Pakistan, on Thursday. Hindus have often been regarded as a minority in Pakistan. However, according to … Copyrights © 2021 Business Standard Private Ltd. All rights reserved. [1] Pakistan gained independence from Britain in 1947, and in the first census afterwards in 1951, Hindus made up 1.6% of the total population of West Pakistan (now Pakistan), and 22% of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). [135], The rise of Taliban insurgency in Pakistan has been an influential and increasing factor in the persecution of and non-Muslims in Pakistan[136][137][132] In July 2010, around 60 members of the minority Hindu community in Karachi were attacked and evicted from their homes following an incident of a Dalit Hindu youth drinking water from a tap near an Islamic Mosque. Statistics, the Pakistan Hindu Welfare Association was active by convening a national conference on the issue in December,! 'S Hindu population in 2017 was 207 million, growth of 146 % from 1981 of at! 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